International Intelligent Construction Technologies Group (IICTG)
Hebei Academy of Transportation Sciences
Highway Research Institute of the Ministry of Transport
Harbin Institute of Technology
Southwest Jiaotong University
April 16 to 17, Beijing, China
- Framework and Contents for Intelligent Infrastructure Construction
- Intelligent Compaction Theory and Engineering Application
- Research and Development for Mechanical and Compacted Materials (soils, base, and asphalt) Interaction Models
- Intelligent Construction Equipment and Infrastructure Construction QC
- Development Trend for Compaction Equipment
- Intelligent Testing Techniques for Infrastructure
- Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Construction
- Application of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in roadway subbase, roadway surface, airport pavements, and dam construction
- Information Technologies for Infrastructure Construction and Intelligent Data Management
- Impact of Intelligent Construction Demand on Innovation and Upgrades of Construction Technologies and Equipment
- Other Aspects of Infrastructure Construction
- Starting date of online registration: December 17, 2018
- Date of completion of agenda: December 30, 2018
- Deadline for Early-Bird Conference Registration: February 22, 2019
- Deadline for submission of presentation and papers: February 28, 2019
Ⅵ. Websites and Contacts
- Official IICTG website: http://www.IICTG.org
- IICTG 2019 Conference website: http://www.IICTG.cn
- IICTG 2019 Contact: TEL: 086-311-68129285, E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org
Chinaroads Transportation Technology Group
Xinhua News Agency
Road Construction Machinery and Construction Mechanization
Highway Traffic Science and Technology
Construction Machinery and Management
Transportation Research Board (TRB), USA
International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE)
University of Minho, Portugal
University of Texas – El Paso, USA
TRB AFD90 Pavement Surface and Vehicle Interaction Committee, USA
TRB AFH60 Flexible Pavement Construction Committee, USA
TRB AFP70 Mineral Aggregate Committee, USA
China Railway Publishing House
Heilongjiang Highway Survey and Design Institute
Shijiazhuang Tiedao University
Xuzhou Construction Machinery Group Co., Ltd. (XCMG)
China Civil Airport Construction Group Co. Ltd.
Qingdao Technological University
Yiqiu Tan is a full professor and doctoral supervisor of Harbin Institute of Technology, the Chang Jiang Scholar Professor and the National Outstanding Youth Science Fund Project winner. She is the dean of School of Transportation Science and Engineering, the academic leader of Transportation Engineering discipline, the executive deputy director of the Key Laboratory of Transportation Industry. Prof. Tan’s research interests include the fundamental theories and applied technologies of pavement structure and material.
She is project leader of more than 30 national scientific projects including the Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation and the Key Project of National Science and Technology Support Program, and received two times National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology. She has published more than 150 papers, and she is the editorial board member of four international journals including the authoritative journal RMPD in pavement engineering.
Dr. George Chang, Trastec Group, USA. President of IICTG.
Dr. George Chang works at the Transtec Group, USA. He is currently the President of IICTG. Dr. George Chang is recognized as the world expert on pavement smoothness and intelligent compaction technologies. His research, teaching, specification development, and software tools have helped make significant technology advancements in the above fields.
The websites he develops and maintains, ProVAL and Veta, have evolved into the one-stop shop for pavement smoothness and intelligent compaction/construction.
He has been leading the US national deployment effort of intelligent compaction with the FHWA since 2007.
Dr. Chang has been the first Chinese being at the leadership positions of many international organization: President for the International Intelligent Construction Technologies Group (IICTG), Chairman for Road Profile Users’ Group (RPUG), Chairman and Emeritus Member of TRB AFD90 Pavement Surface Properties and Vehicle Interaction committee, and Chairman of ASTM E17.31 Profile Measurement subcommittee. He is a member of the TRB AFH60 Flexible Pavement Construction committee, AFH20 Pavement Rehabilitation committee, etc.
Bio of Lu Chunfang
Lu Chunfang is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, also a railway construction management and technical expert. He was a former deputy director of the Ministry of Railways and deputy general manager of China Railway Corporation. Currently, he is the chairman of the China Railway Society.
Lu specializes in long-term management of railway construction and scientific and technological work. From 2005 to 2016, he is the organizer of China's high-speed railway construction. He has served as the commander of major railway trunk lines such as the Qinghai-Tibet Railway and the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway.
He has overcome many construction technical problems for high-rise and long-span bridges, complex geological tunnels, permafrost and other large-scale and high-standard railway construction and management problems. He has received numerous awards including: Luban Award, National Science and Technology Progress Award Special Prize. He has written the articles: "The Construction and Management of Railway Engineering Platforms" and "Standardized Management of Railway Construction Projects". He has also published more than 40 articles in important newspapers such as People's Daily, Management World and China Railway.
Dr. Jianming Ling is a professor in road and airport engineering, and the dean of College of Transportation Engineering, Tongji University. He is the director of Key Laboratory of Infrastructure Durability and Operation Safety in Airfield of CAAC, and the director of Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the Ministry of Education, China. He is also an executive editor-in-chief of“Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering”, and an associate editor-in-chief of “International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology”.
Prof. Ling received his Ph.D. degree in civil engineering from Tongji University in 1993. His Primary research interests are Subgrade Design Theories and Technologies, Airport Infrastructure Design and Management. In the past two decades, Prof. Ling led the research projects on dynamic behavior and design index of subgrade for MEPDG in China.
Dr. Jianming Ling
He also developed the first management system for airport pavement (CAPMS) in China, and a pavement design method for New General Large Aircrafts. Prof. Ling won the second prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award for 4 times. He was the chief editor of “Code for Design of Urban Road Subgrades”, and “Technical Specifications of Airport Pavement Evaluation and Management” of China.
Prof. Soheil Nazarian, University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), USA. Executive Member of IICTG
Dr. Nazarian is the McIntosh Murchison Chair Professor of Civil Engineering and the Director of the Center for Transportation Infrastructure Systems at The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP). He is also an Executive Member of IICTG and the Secretary General of the Technical Committee.
Dr. Nazarian has more than 25 years of experience in the areas of materials and nondestructive testing as related to geotechnical and transportation infrastructure. He has been the PI and co-PI of more than 100 research projects funded by federal and state agencies. He has supervised more than 80 Master’s and PhD students. A large number of them working for TxDOT and other private and public transportation entities.
Currently, Prof. Soheil Nazarian and Dr. George Chang have led most of the Intelligent Compaction research and implementation in the US. They anticipate a breakthrough in IC from their NCHRP 24-45 soils IC research in 2019.
Prof. Xu Guanghui
Prof. Xu Guanghui, Ph.D., has worked in design institutes, research institutes, Harbin Institute of Technology and Southwest Jiaotong University, and is one of the founders of the International Intelligent Construction Technology Group (IICTG) and concurrently the first Secretary-General. Prof. Xu has been engaged in research on road and railway engineering dynamics theory, testing and information analysis technology research. With the support of many scientific research projects such as the three northeastern provinces, the Ministry of Communications, the Ministry of Railways and the Natural Science Foundation, Prof. Xu has led a multi-disciplinary project team to conduct long-term independent research and development on intelligent construction (IC) monitoring technology, fundamental theory, testing technology, and industry standards.
Prof. Xu has produced numerous engineering applications and hold the intellectual property rights. He presided over the first national industry construction standards for intelligent compaction control technology in China's railway and highway fields.
He is the main advocate and promoter of China's intelligent compaction technology. Taking the intelligent construction technology as the core, Prof. Xu has developed the overall architecture of the intelligent construction technology of transportation infrastructure covering intelligent design and intelligent maintenance. He is currently writing a book on “Introduction to Intelligent Construction Technology of Transportation Infrastructure” (in both English and Chinese) in cooperation with key Chinses and the United States IC experts. He has also published IC monograph for both the Science Press and China Railway Publishing House.
Dr. Bo Tian was born in China in 1973. He holds the B.S. and M.S. degrees from Harbin Institute of Technology and Ph.D. degree from Tongji University. He has been working on concrete pavement-related issues in Research Institute of Highway, Ministry of Transportation in China since 2001. He was a visiting scholar at Technische Universität München during 2008 to 2009. Currently, Dr. Bo Tian is an active participant in International Society for Concrete Pavements (ISCP), Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Construction Committee (AFH50) and the PIARC Technical Committee. He also serves as a doctoral advisor (part-time) in Harbin Institute of Technology.
Dr. Bo Tian devotes himself in the developing of concrete pavement technologies in China through research, consulting and organizing professional conferences and seminars.
Dr. Bo Tian
Ha has over 100 publications in the area of sustainable, durable concrete materials and pavement. He has hosted over 50 projects from NSFC, Ministry of Transportation, and DOTs in many provinces. His research interests also extends to functional concrete pavements, modified cement concrete pavement and ballastless track plate in high-speed rail engineering recently.
Professor António Gomes Correia, University of Minho, Portugal. Vice President of IICTG.
Professor António Gomes Correia is a full professor at the University of Minho in Portugal. He is also the Vice President of IICTG. Prof. Correia has been involved in research, teaching and consulting in the general field of geotechnics and pavement engineering for more than 35 years.
His work embraced transportation geotechnics, particularly soil and pavement geo-material properties and modelling, compaction, soil improvement, foundations, geotechnical design and management. He has over 360 technical papers and 240 reports published on these subjects. Dr. Gomes Correia has supervised over 116 graduate students, including 30 PhD students.
From 1998 to 2001, Dr. Gomes Correia served as the Chairman of the ISSMGE – European Technical Committee – ETC 11 on Geotechnical Aspects in Design and Construction of Pavements and Rail Track.
In 2001, he became the Chairman of the ISSMGE Technical Committee TC 3 on Geotechnics for Pavements, which was renamed in 2009 as TC 202 – Transportation Geotechnics. He was also from 2004 to 2008 President of the Portuguese Geotechnical Society. Prof. Correia is a well-known Intelligent Compaction expert in Europe, also the main editor for the EU’s IC standards.
Connie Yew serves as the Team Leader for Construction Management in the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Office of Infrastructure. She is a Steering Committee member of IICTG. At FHWA, Connie leads national efforts to improve construction management practices and deploy innovative technologies in construction. Since joining FHWA in 1983, Connie has held leadership positions to strengthen Federal Highway’s stewardship and oversight role by advancing management initiatives such as risk management and performance management. Connie holds a BS from the University of Maryland and a MS from the George Washington University. Connie is a licensed Professional Engineer in the State of Maryland.
Connie Yew, Team Leader for Construction Management, FHWA, USA
Bio of Zhou Wei
Prof. Zhou has successively served as Vice President of Xi'an Highway Transport University (now Chang'an University), Secretary of the Party Committee and President of the Scientific Research Institute of the Ministry of Transportation. From July 2007 to July 2008, he was appointed Deputy Director of Chongqing Transport Committee. From July 2008 to March 2015, he served as President of Highway Science Research Institute of the Ministry of Transportation. From March 2015 to now, he has been the chief engineer of the Ministry of Transportation.
Dr. Zhou is also a chairman of the Expert Committee of the Ministry of Transportation and a member of the Policy Advisory Committee of the Minister of Transportation.
He is an expert member of the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth International Cooperation Committee on Environment and Development of China and a member of the Advisory Committee of Experts on Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of China. He was a director of the Transportation Specialty Steering Committee of the Teaching Steering Committee of the Ministry of Education and vice-chairman of the sixth and seventh councils of the China Highway Society. Dr. Zhou has been elected to the 16th and 17th National Congresses of the Communist Party of China.
Dr.Zhou has mainly engaged in highway planning, policy research, highway hub planning, transportation economy and management, post-evaluation of highway engineering projects and sustainable development of transportation and other fields. He is one of the main founders of the theory of traffic control of highway network planning. He has participated in and presided over more than 50 national and provincial and ministerial and other scientific research projects, and has won 8 provincial and ministerial awards for scientific and technological advances. He has completed research project on China's future sustainable transportation development strategy and policy and was awarded the Outstanding Contribution Award in China's environment and development field by Vice Premier Zengpeiyan in November 2006. He has published more than 100 papers and 6 books in China and abroad.
Han Liming，Doctor of Engineering，Senior Member of the China Urban Science Research Association, is currently working at the Engineering Technology Center of China Civil Aviation Airport Construction Group Co., Ltd.. He has hosted and participated in several engineering designs and scientific research projects. Participated in the research and preparation of a number of technical specifications. Received a number of science and technology awards and a number of national patents, published dozens of academic papers.
In recent years, Han Liming has mainly devoted himself to the research of airport engineering digitization technology and green airport, and has been promoted and applied in the construction of airports such as Beijing, Chengdu and Kunming, and has achieved remarkable engineering benefits and social benefits.
Yue Zurun, born in October 1962, is a professor，doctoral supervisor and dean of graduate school in Shijiazhuang Railway University. He is also the Excellent Expert of Hebei province, expert group member of high speed railway subgrade of China Railway Corporation, editorial committee member of Journal of the China Railway Society, PhD. graduated from China Academy of Railway Sciences in Road and Railway Engineering.
He engages in the researches of the stability of permafrost and deep seasonal frozen soil subgrade, the ground settlement control of underground engineering construction and artificial freezing.
He has presided over more than ten state-level and provincial-ministerial level projects. He was honored with two first prizes and one third prize of the Scientific and technological Progress Award. He published 70 paper, more than 10 were indexed in SCI, EI and ISTP.
The main innovative achievements are as follows: the fine control technology of subway and high-speed railway subgrade construction settlement is invented, the failure mechanism of permafrost subgrade and the design concept of asymmetric protection are put forward, the forecast method of the subgrade life considering the stiffness matching of coarse grained soil structure is established, and the optimized subgrade structure for eliminating the frost heaving and thawing in the seasonal frozen soil region is put forward, and an economical and reasonable technology for the freezing and drawing resistant pile foundation is invented.
Cao Dongwei is a researcher and doctoral supervisor. His main research interests include new asphalt pavement materials, new asphalt pavement structures and new asphalt pavement technologies. He is currently working in Beijing Highway Technology Co.Ltd. of the Highway Science Research Institute of the Ministry of Transportation.
He presided over more than 20 projects of the National Natural Science Foundation of China and provincial and ministerial scientific research projects, and was responsible for more than 20 projects of major engineering technical consultation and demonstration and application of science and technology. and has developed high modulus asphalt for heavy traffic roads, large void drainage pavement asphalt, warm mixing and low temperature asphalt, waste rubber-plastic composite TPE asphalt, dry epoxy asphalt, water-borne macromolecule asphalt, pyrolytic biomass asphalt, coal-based new asphalt for new road materials.
He has been engaged in the research of drainage asphalt pavement for a long time, and has developed a set of technical achievements of durability drainage asphalt pavement suitable for heavy-duty expressway. He has developed carpet Prefabricated Asphalt Pavement technology, new structure of steel bridge deck pavement, new anti-skid pavement technology, asphalt fingerprint identification technology and modifier content determination technology. He has obtained more than 80 authorized patents, one second prize of National Technology Invention Award, more than 20 provincial and ministerial science and technology awards, published more than 70 papers and one monograph of drainage asphalt pavement. He has formulated more than 10 industry standards and won honorary titles such as the National "Ten Thousand People" Program and the China Youth Science and Technology Award.
Jinqiao Wang received the Ph.D. degree in pattern recognition and intelligence systems from the National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Chinese Academy of Sciences, in 2008. He is currently a Professor in National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, director of the Joint Laboratory of Intelligent Media Analysis, director of the Joint Laboratory of Cloud Video Recognition, deputy director of the Technical Innovation Committee of China Technological Entrepreneurship Association and chairman of ObjectEye Technology Co., Ltd. His research interests include pattern recognition and machine learning, image and video processing, mobile multimedia, and intelligent video surveillance.
He has published over 280 journal and conference papers in these fields, and has widely published at highly ranked international journals, such as IEEE Transactions on Image Processing (TIP), IEEE Transactions on Multimedia (TMM), ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing,
Communications and Applications (ACM TOMCCAP), and Pattern Recognition (PR), and leading international conferences, such as ACM Multimedia (ACM MM), Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) and International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV).
Yang Xinzhou, Doctor of Engineering, Senior Engineer, Founder and Chairman of Chinaroads Transport Technology Group Co., Ltd., President of Hebei Academy of Transportation Science, Vice President of IICTG.
As the head of many traffic scientific research projects, Road-TICS Highway Traffic Information Collection and Management System and four other projects has won provincial and ministerial prizes for scientific and technological progress; as the head of highway engineering survey and design projects, Chengde-Qinhuangdao Highway Chengde Section and seven other projects has won provincial and ministerial highway engineering survey and design prizes; as the head of engineering consulting projects, Zhangjiakou-Zhuozhou Highway Zhangjiakou Section Project Feasibility Study and other 19 projects have won national or provincial engineering consulting awards.
In 2000, he was appointed as a senior expert of transportation science and technology in Hebei Province, in 2012 he was appointed as an expert of bid evaluation in Hebei Province, and in June 2013 he was appointed as a tutor of master's degree in civil engineering by Hebei University of Science and Technology. He served as the Editorial Committee of China Highway Journal and published more than 10 papers successively. He also served as the vice-chairman of the Compilation Group of Foreign Road Standards and Standards for Western Transportation Construction Science and Technology Project, and published 6 translated versions of Foreign Road Standards and Standards.
In 2010, he was awarded "Excellent Private Entrepreneur" in the National Engineering Survey and Design Industry. In 2012 and 2014, he was awarded "Excellent Worker of Enterprise Credit Construction in Hebei Province", He was awarded "Young and Middle-aged Expert with Outstanding Contribution in Shijiazhuang City" in 2014 and "Excellent Scientific and Technological Worker of National Highway" in 2017. Chinaroads Transport Technology Group Co., Ltd. won the Best and Fastest Enterprise Award for the Development of Hebei Survey and Design Industry in 2009, the Brand Enterprise Award for Technological Innovation in Hebei Survey and Design Industry in 2009, the "Excellent Private Design Enterprise" Award for the National Survey and Design Industry in 2010, and the "Three Hundreds" Leading Enterprise named by Hebei Provincial Government in 2014, and the "Innovative Leading Enterprise of Hebei Province" in 2015.
Liu Zhansheng, doctor, associate professor of Beijing University of Technology, deputy director of Institute of Intelligent Construction, master's supervisor, Beijing science and technology star, 100 young people of Beijing University of Technology, first-class registered builder, member of 93 Society. He is Mainly engaged in intelligent construction and BIM technology research.
He is Vice Chairman of Technical Innovation Working Committee of China Technological Entrepreneurship Association, Chairman of Intelligent Construction Group, Vice Chairman of Beijing Green Building Alliance, Director of BIM Special Committee of China Architectural Society, and Member of BIM Special Committee of China Graphics Society.
In recent years, he has presided over or participated in more than 20 national and provincial scientific research projects, with a total funding of nearly 20 million yuan. He has published more than 70 papers, applied for more than 10 patents and published 12 books. He has won nearly 20 awards for science and technology, such as "Beijing Second Prize for Scientific and Technological Progress" and "China Second Prize for Scientific and Technological Progress in Construction". As the project leader, he completed BIM technical consultation and R&D of more than 80 projects, including the 500m radio telescope (FAST), Beijing New Airport, APEC Convention and Exhibition Center, Winter Olympic Training Hall, Harbin Railway Station, Shijiazhuang Metro Line 1, Beijing Changping South Extension Line, Shenzhen Metro, Xuzhou Olympic Sports Center Stadium, Changsha Convention and Exhibition Center, Panjin Stadium, Qatar Doha Bridge and Beijing Government Service Center.
Zhou Xianbiao, Publisher & Editor of CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY TECHNOLOGY & MANAGEMENT magazine. Vice Secretary-General of China Construction Machinery Society, CEO of Road Surface and Compaction Machinery Bureau of CCMA,Secretary-General of Information Working Committee of CCMA.Worked in Harbin University of Technology, China Academy of Building Research.Studied in Jilin University , Harbin University of Technology, Tongji University.
Ph.D, Professor, doctoral supervisor, vice-president of University of Qingdao Technology. The member of the International Intelligent Construction Technology Group, member of Branch of masonry Structures, China Association for Engineering Construction Standardization, the executive director of Shandong Architecture and Civil Engineering Society. He mainly works on theory and practice of smart city, building information technology, seismic resistance of structures, construction mechanics, etc.
He presided over 35 projects on the General Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Major Sub-projects of Instruments of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Shandong Province Outstanding Young and Middle-aged Scientists Award Program and Enterprise Entrust Key Technical Projects.
He edited the seismic design code for performance-based seismic design of building in Shandong province, participated in compiling one industry standard, published one academic monograph and more than 110 academic papers, applied for 18 authorized patents and software copyrights, and completed 32 appraisals of scientific and technological achievements. He has won one first prize, three second prizes for scientific and technological progress and one first prize for teaching achievements at the provincial level in Shandong Province. The relevant research results have been successfully applied to the "Olympic Sailing Center", "Qingdao International Airport expansion project", "Qingdao International Exhibition Center" and other major projects, and have achieved good social benefits.
Li Jin, Engineering Master Degree,Professor, Senior Engineer, National Registered Electrical Engineer,Deputy Chief Engineer of
China Railway First Survey and Design Institute Group (FSDI).
He is one of the first batch members of "railway engineering and technical experts database" in Ministry of Railways of China. He is
also the member of China Voltages Current and Frequencies Standardization Committee,Vice-Chairman of Shaanxi Electrical Power Saving and Quality Society, Chairman Of Shaanxi Construction Industry Association in Electrification Discipline,Part-Time Professor of Lanzhou Jiao Tong university.
He has served as the chief engineer and general manager of a number of key railway construction projects, and has conducted and organized a number of scientific research projects of China Railways Corporation (CRC)and China Railway Construction Corporation Limited (CRCC) at provincial and ministerial levels.He has published more than 10 papers.
He actively organized and carried out technological breakthroughs in high-speed railway power supply and distribution technology, plateau electric power engineering technology, intelligent electrical technology, industry design standards and other aspects. He has won the highest prize of national science and technology -- The National Science and Technology Progress Award (Special Prize), and the most influential prize in railway industry --Zhan TianYou Prize, as well as many awards of science and technology from Ministry of Railways and China Railway Construction Corporation Limited.
Xun Guo was born in September 1, 1967, he holds a B.S. in Civil Engineering (Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China, 1987), M.S. and Ph.D. in Structural Engineering (Institute of Engineering Mechanics (IEM), Harbin, China, 1993, 1996). He joined the faculty of the department of Structural Engineering at IEM in 1993. Dr. Xun Guo served as an Associate Professor and Professor at the Institute of Engineering Mechanics from 1993 to 2000 and from 2000 to 2012 respectively, and served as Professor and Head of Civil Engineering Department in The Institute of Disaster Prevention, China Earthquake Administration from 2012. He worked in Hong Kong PolyU as a research fellow from 1998 to 2000; he also worked as a visiting scholar at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign from 2005 to 2006.
Dr. Xun Guo gave courses to postgraduate students in structural dynamics, structural seismic design, structural experiment methods, and vibration measurement techniques since 1999. He has published more than 70 journal papers and two books. Dr. Xun Guo has research interests in the areas of earthquake engineering, structural damage detection and health monitoring. From 2003, Dr. Xun Guo was nominated as the Director of Structural Engineering Division and Earthquake Simulation Laboratory of IEM in 2003.
During the past twenty years Dr. Guo contributed a lot on post-earthquake reconstruction. In July 2003 he was dispatched to Algeria as an earthquake engineering expert and made quite useful suggestion on reconstruction. In April 2013 he proposed a complete set of drawings related to the retrofitting of damaged houses. In November 2017 he was invited to give lectures on reconstruction after Jiuzhaigou earthquake.
DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN GUESTS
Starting date of online registration: December 17, 2018
Date of completion of agenda: 30 December 2018
Deadline for Conference Registration Preferences: 22 February 2019
Deadline for submission of reports and papers: 28 February 2019